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爱思唯尔资深编辑Richard Henderson谈SCI论文发表

作者:刘侃 来源:爱思唯尔 2012-06-15 10:10点击:6989发表评论

Richard Henderson做客爱唯 SCI论文发表

 

Richard Henderson先生是爱思唯尔的资深编辑,负责学术项目与论文发表等方面的工作。自1997年以来他一直从事出版工作,在加入爱思唯尔之前,曾在Wiley、牛津大学出版社和Blackwell等知名出版公司担任编辑,在SCI论文发表方面积累了丰富经验。日前,Richard Henderson先生在亚太地区进行了以论文发表为主题的巡回授课,爱唯医学网借此机会对他进行了专访,希望能对广大读者的科研和投稿有所裨益。

  

爱唯医学网:要想成功发表论文,最关键的因素是什么?

 

Mr. Richard:如果你的研究非常新颖、合乎时宜且具有临床相关性,那么你就很有机会成功发表论文。当你制订研究计划时请务必考虑周全,因为一项精心策划的研究更有可能产生成功发表的论文。在计划阶段中,你必须清晰界定要研究的问题是什么,然后设计出能回答这一问题的试验。与此同时,你还需要考虑是否有必要与其他机构开展合作。如果你正在设计一项试验,不妨向统计学达人讨教一番,因为很多情况下论文被拒是由于缺乏统计学效力。你还需要遵循不同类型研究(例如随机对照试验、观察性研究)所对应的报告指南。很多高影响因子的期刊会要求你遵循这些报告指南。这些指南会帮助你更好地制订研究计划、采集具有统计学效力的数据、合理地撰写论文。

 

爱唯医学网:眼下有如此之多的期刊,以至于可能难以选出一份适合你论文的期刊。关于期刊的选择,您有何高见?

 

Mr. Richard:请务必去期刊网站上看看,确定它的宗旨和范畴。如今几乎所有期刊都设立了自己的网站。鉴于很多期刊有独特的关注点,而且可能每年乃至每个月都会变化,所以有必要去了解一下它们目前的热点话题。如果你并不特别肯定你的论文适合哪本期刊,不妨问问你的同事,浏览一番你论文的参考文献也是不错的办法。参考文献列表常常能提供一些线索,透露与你的研究最契合的期刊。另外非常重要的一点是,应当明白期刊的读者是谁,是一般读者还是专科读者?还需要检查期刊发表的都是哪些类型的文章。例如,很多期刊并不发表病例报告,因此请反复核实期刊发表的文章类型。

 

爱唯医学网:您能否描述一下医学论文的结构?

 

Mr. Richard:当我们描述医学论文的一般结构时,通常是谈论IMRaD结构,即引言、方法、结果和讨论。你的论文还应该有标题、摘要、关键词、志谢、参考文献,可能还会有附录。在引言部分中,你需要解释你希望解决的问题及其背景和参考资料。在方法部分中,你应当描述你是如何采集数据的。在结果部分中,应描述最关键的结果,但不要在这里进行阐释。请一定要清晰、简洁地介绍你的研究结果,运用经过精心选择的表格和图片。在讨论部分中,你需要分析阐释结果,其长度通常少于整篇论文的1/3。此外,还要认真考虑如何拟定标题和摘要。摘要是对你论文的一个独立的概述——通常具有固定的结构,期刊很可能对这部分的字数有硬性要求。由于很多潜在的读者会在数据库中浏览论文标题和摘要,所以标题和摘要对于吸引读者阅读全文十分重要。

 

爱唯医学网:所有的论文在发表之前都需要经历同行评议的过程。那么我们应当如何回应评审员的评论意见呢?

 

Mr. Richard:你的论文被送去接受同行评议,就意味着期刊编辑对这篇论文产生了浓厚兴趣,不过,在论文被接受之前,你仍然有很长一段路要走。首先,请尽快地修改和再次投递你的论文。很多期刊会给你23个月的时间用于修改论文,但是如果你能在1周内完成修改,就不要拖延。通常,你会收到一张列表,列出了评审员的一系列意见。应当逐条地回复这些意见,而且要让评审员对意见与回复的对应关系一目了然。如果你对论文进行了修改,请务必标出修改处的页码、段落和行数。假如你觉得评审员的建议并不合理,请向他()解释为什么你觉得修改意义不大,如果可能的话,请引用合适的参考文献以支持你的答复意见。在回复评审员时,请始终保持措词礼貌并虚心接受批评意见。这些批评是建设性的,其目的是提高你论文的质量,并尽可能确保其具有较强的科学性。另外需要注意的是,再次投递经过修改的论文时,仍需遵循期刊的相应说明。

 

下面是英文访谈

 

Elseviermed: What is the key factor in achieving a successful publication?

 

Mr. Richard: I think the best chance for your paper is that your research is new, and it should be timely and clinically relevant. When you are planning your research, it's very important to plan carefully because a well planned study will be far easier to publish. At the planning stage, you should define your research question clearly. Design a trial that answers your question. Also, you need to consider if a collaboration with other institutions is necessary. If you are designing a trial, get advice from a statistician, as many times papers fail because of a lack of statistical validity. There are also a number of reporting guidelines which you should follow for different types of studies (eg RCTs, observational studies, etc.). Many high impact journals will ask you to follow these reporting guidelines. These guidelines help you plan the study, so that you collect the right data, that are statistically robust, and they help guide you through the writing of your paper.

 

Elseviermed: Today there are many journals in circulation and choosing the right journal that fits your paper can be difficult. Have you any hints on journal selection?

 

Mr. Richard: You should always check the journal’s website and check the journal’s aims and scope. Almost every journal has a website now. Look at the journal’s current hot topics, as many journals have their own particular focus, from month to month, from year to year. Ask your colleagues if you are not quite sure to which journal your paper would fit. If you are really stuck, I suggest you check your references. Your reference list will usually give you a clue that could tell you the best journal for your research. And it is always important to understand who are the journal’s audience, general readers or specialist readers? Check the type of articles the journal publishes. For example, many journals don't publish case reports. So, always double check what the journal does publish.

 

Elseviermed: Could you describe the structure of a scientific paper?

 

Mr. Richard: When we describe the general structure of a scientific paper, we talk about the IMRaD structure, Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. Then, you have the Acknowledgments, Reference list, maybe an Appendix, the Title, Abstract and Keywords. In the Introduction you explain the problem you wish to address with some background and references. For the Methods, you should describe how the data were collected. For the Results, describe the key results but there should be no interpretation. Ensure your results are presented clearly and concisely, using carefully chosen tables and figures. The Discussion is the interpretation of your results and it usually less than a 3rd of the total length of the paper. Also, consider carefully your Title and Abstract. The abstract is a standalone summary of your paper – it is usually structured and the journal will impose a strict word count for this section. Because many potential readers browse article titles and abstracts in abstract databases, they are both very important in attracting readers to the full text article.

 

Elseviermed: All papers are peer-reviewed before publication. How should we reply to reviewers’ comments?

 

Mr. Richard: When your paper is sent for peer review, it certainly means that the journal editor is very interested, but you may still have quite a way to go to have your paper accepted. Firstly, please revise and resubmit your article as soon as possible. Many journals will give you 2 or 3 months to revise, but if you could do it in a week, please do so. Usually, you will receive a list of points from reviewers. Respond to the reviewers’ suggestions in a clear point by point fashion. If you make changes to your paper, always indicate the page number, paragraph number, and line number where you make the change. If you think a reviewer’s suggestion is not warranted, please explain to the reviewer why you think it is not relevant, supporting your reply by citing appropriate references if possible. Always be polite in your reply to the reviewers, and don't take any criticism personally. Criticism is constructive and designed to improve your paper and ensure it is as scientifically robust as possible. Finally, carefully follow the journal’s instructions for resubmitting your revised paper.

 

附件是:Mr.Richard和爱思唯尔医学网编辑访谈录音文件,每段录音对应一个问题

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学科代码:其他   关键词:SCI论文发表 爱思唯尔
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