The 2012 ESC Guidelines on Heart Failure
The latest Guidelines feature new evidence on diagnosis, drugs, and devices
The ESC Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2012 were developed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the ESC.
They were presented for the first time in May 2012 at the Heart Failure Congress in Belgrade, Serbia, and are published in full, in this EHJ issue and in European Journal of Heart Failure. There are a number of new features since the last ESC Guidelines on this topic were published in 2008.
In the area of diagnostics, there is a new
学科代码：心血管病学 关键词：heart failure ESC guidelines
来源： European Heart Journal